Jayanti Sarovar – The Jubilee Park – TATA

Death of Jayanti Sarovar - The Jubilee Park - Tata
will spread diseases – both vector borne and bacterial. Let’s save it for saving human lives.

Jamsetji’s visionary path-breaking idea of the steel city was clear. He envisioned far more than a mere row of workers hutments. He insisted upon building all the comforts and conveniences a city could provide. As a result, many areas in the city are well planned and there are public leisure places such as the Jubilee Park.

Background

At the end of 19th century, Jamsetji Tata met steelmakers in Pittsburgh to get the most advanced technology for his plant steel plant – The Tata Steel. In 1908 the construction of the plant as well as the city officially began. The first steel ingot was rolled on 16 February 1912. It was a momentous day in the history of industrial India and thus came the city of Jamshedpur, named after its founder Shri Jamshetji Nusserwanji Tata.

Jayanti Sarovar is a 20 acre lake within the Jubilee Park along with the zoological park. It is noted for its scenic beauty flanked by a large variety of roses. Inaugurated in the year 1956, this park was constructed inspired by the famous Brindaban Gardens at Mysore. A perfect place for recreation, this nature friendly park is filled with lush green vegetation, attractive illuminated fountains and multi colored flowering plants.

Jayanti Sarovar is a 20 acre lake within the Jubilee Park along with the zoological park. It is noted for its scenic beauty flanked by a large variety of roses. Inaugurated in the year 1956, this park was constructed inspired by the famous Brindaban Gardens at Mysore. A perfect place for recreation, this nature friendly park is filled with lush green vegetation, attractive illuminated fountains and multi colored flowering plants.

For the visitors, there are illuminated fountains and flower beds offered to add up a picturesque environment. An amusement park exclusively for the children is yet another attraction of this place with swings, see saws, windmill, skating rings and many rides.

While building the city, Jamsetji Tata had said, “Be sure to lay wide streets planted with shady trees, every other of a quick growing variety. Be sure that there is plenty of space for lawns and gardens; reserve large areas for football, hockey and parks; earmark areas for Hindu temples, Muslim mosques and Christian churches.”

The Jayanti Sarovar Lake is spread over a periphery of 1.69 kilometers and houses a 300 meter circumference island just about the center of the water body, housing approximately around 10+ million liters of water. The lake is a home for many fresh water fishes, apart from other aquatic flora & fauna ensuring a vast bio-diversity. The Jamshedpur Angling Club (JAC) conduct annual angling competition, in which the angling enthusiast participate from all across India, particularly famous in the eastern part of the country.

THE DISTURBING NEWS

Considering the legacy and the vision of legendary Shri Jamshedji it is quite disturbing to know that his dream city has been engulfed with the pollution to the extent that it is hurting the bio-diversity of the Jubilee Park & the Jayanti Sarovar. The Newspapers have been flooded with reports in last one week. Some of which are show below;


It is important to understand, what exactly is going wrong. Is there a disease that has spread over night? Or the water has gone toxic? Or is it some sort of epidemic?

Now here it is very important to understand the water ecology and the life cycle of a waterbody and the aquatic life to get to the grass root level of the issue in order to solve it.

Seeing the urban lakes, and doing an extensive study on the same, makes it clear that a water body cannot disappear or die without the human intervention. A water body has a complete ecology within, that keeps it alive, and the ecology is meant to go on and on, it is cyclic in nature, like we have carbon cycle and water cycle.

The Mother Nature has planned an automatic remediation of every water body within itself, it’s cyclic and complete. Microorganism (single celled) eat nitrates and nutrient elements (in pure atomic / molecular form) and do photosynthesis to release oxygen, these microbes are eaten by multi-celled plants (phytoplankton) and simplest aquatic animals (zooplanktons), which in turn are food for fishes, lobsters, shrimps and prawns (bigger and complex animals), and their excreta is again nitrates and ammonia. So the water keeps renewing itself with this cycle.

But we humans, keep adding pollution to the water. Starting from washing the dishes, to clothes, to animal bathing to human bathing everything happens on banks of the water body. This pollution, gets to the bottom of the lake as sludge. The sludge does two harms to the water body – namely, reduction in DO (dissolved Oxygen) level and bringing up the water level. Rising water level and reduction of the depth of the water body makes the water vulnerable to vaporization, due to Sun’s heat during the day, especially in summers. Reduction of the DO level on the other hand starts the process of death of the water body. It gives the right environment for the growth of disease causing anaerobic bacteria, which decomposes the contents of the water body to release hydrogen sulphide (H2S) that causes the bad smell. So if you find any smelly water body, understand that the death process has started. This gives the right environment for the blue green algae (BGA) to flourish and cover the water surface, which reduces the amount of sunlight to reach inside water. This is the second stage of the death of the water body. And finally, water weeds like hyacinth grow over the surface, confirming the death of the water body. With water weeds on the top layer, the whole aquatic ecosystem dies. This rapidly increases the sludge deposition, as the self-sustaining ecosystem is no more, thus remediation doesn’t happen and all dead organic material deposits in the bottom of the water body as sludge. Thus the depth reduces and water evaporates.

The condition of the Jayanti Sarovar, today is somewhat quite similar.

As we can see in the picture above, dead fishes are floating amongst the rampant coverage of BGA – the blue green algae. The surface cover of BGA over a period of time would have reduced the contact of the water surface with the atmosphere, reducing the overall absorption of atmospheric oxygen. This can’t happen overnight, it’s a process that would’ve taken good amount of time. When the anthropogenic activities of creating pollution surpasses the Mother Nature’s capacity of purification, then only such kind of disasters happen.

The only remedy is to help the nature to remediate. To empower the forces of nature to fight with the pollution that we’ve created over a period of time.

Jayanti Sarovar - The Jubilee Park - TATA

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